Ethylene chlorohydrin




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2-chloroethanol Degradation by free

Time:2015/12/15 6:21:26

Temperature and composition dependence of the refractive indices of the 2-chloroethanol + 2-methoxyethanol binary mixtures

Measurements of the refractive index n for the binary mixtures 2-chloroethanol + 2-methoxyethanol in the 0 < or = t/degree C < or = 70 temperature range have been carried out with the purpose of checking the capability of empirical models to express physical quantity as a function of temperature and volume fraction, both separately and together, i.e., in a two independent variables expression. Furthermore, the experimental data have been used to calculate excess properties such as the excess refractive index, the excess molar refraction, and the excess Kirkwood parameter delta g over the whole composition range. The quantities obtained have been discussed and interpreted in terms of the type and nature of the specific intermolecular interactions between the components.

Degradation of 2-chloroethanol by free and immobilized Pseudomonas putida US 2

The degradation of 2-chloroethanol by Pseudomonas putida US 2 was investigated in shaking flasks, air-bubble columns and packed-bed fermenters by free cells, calcium-alginate-entrapped cells and on cells on granular clay adsorbed. Entrapped cells tolerated increasing concentrations of 2-chloroethanol better than free cells. Their maximum degradative activity could be observed at 34掳C and pH 7.0. The degradation of 2-chloroethanol leads to a decrease of pH and to a stagnation of mineralization, particularly with free or entrapped cells. Following the stabilization of pH, supplementation with succinate resulted in a complete degradation of higher 2-chloroethanol concentrations. Less 2-chloroethanol was degraded in air-bubble columns and larger amounts in packed-bed fermenters. 2-Chloroethanol was mineralized faster by free or entrapped P. putida US 2 than by adsorbed cells, which, on the other hand, were able to remove higher concentrations of the compound. The results with P. putida US 2 are a good indication that this microorganism could be used in waste-water treatment and soil-decontamination systems.